Hapax Legomena – Arnon Grunberg



A novel written by Arnon Grunberg re-designed as ‘Hapax Legomena’, a Latin term for when words only appear once in a text.
This graduation project started with the knowledge that you only need 200 words for basic communication in a language. I was curious how much words a novel needs to tell a story. It became a visual research of the use of language by only letting every word appear once. Double words are replaced with white space. Slowly the text eats itself away. The book ends with a frequency index.

All the work was done by endlessly ‘find’ and ‘replace’ words. After the book was finished, Dion Nicolaas heard about the project and did some programming.


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